Carbon capture, usage and storage: Interview with professors Larry Baxter, Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul and Berend Smit

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Carbon capture, usage and storage is considered one of the key technologies in our fight against climate change, but most people are still unaware of it. Mrinal Abhinav and I had the opportunity to interview three leading experts on their research work and on the issues surrounding this technology: professor Larry Baxter from Brigham Young University, Professor Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul from the University of Regina, and Professor Berend Smit from Berkeley and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Here is what they had to say.

The 2016 Paris Climate Agreement marked the start of nearly 200 countries’ efforts to curb their greenhouse gas emissions, in order to limit the current increase in global temperatures. One of the climate targets, as set out by the IPCC, is reaching “net-zero” emissions by 2050, meaning that 100% of emissions will have to be withdrawn from the atmosphere by then (read more about it here).  

Scientists believe that reaching net-zero by 2050 will probably not be achieved on time with renewables alone, explains professor Tontiwachwuthikul. Different technologies will be needed, and Carbon Capture, Usage and Storage (CCUS) is considered one of them. 

What exactly is Carbon Capture, Usage and Storage (CCUS)?

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Schematic representation of CCUS

Carbon capture is an emissions reduction technology consisting of capturing CO2 from industrial pollution sources (or directly from the atmosphere). The CO2 is then compressed and stored underground (CCS) or, alternatively, it can be used for other purposes (CCU). Hence the term CCUS. 

The IEA estimates that CCUS facilities around the world currently capture 35 Million tonnes of CO2 per year, roughly the equivalent of Ireland’s 2017 emissions. But how does carbon capture work? In a nutshell: a solvent captures CO2 and then releases it upon heating to allow recycling, explains professor Tontiwachwuthikul. 

The experts on carbon capture

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Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul

Professor Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul

Professor Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul, from the University of Regina, is the co-founder of the Clean Energy Technology Research Institute in Canada and does research on carbon capture solvent, design and operation. 

He has been working on carbon capture process optimization since moving to Canada in 1991. “At first it was just a job”, he explains. But then he became involved in the Weyburn-Midale project in Saskatchewan: the world’s greatest project to use CO2 for enhanced oil recovery and underground storage (read more about it here). “CO2 is a supercritical fluid and it can be used to move the oil”, he says. If it can be injected underground to facilitate oil recovery, why not leave it there for good?

Professor Larry Baxter

Our second expert is Professor Larry Baxter, from Brigham Young University. He came up with an innovative way of doing carbon capture while serving a sabbatical in Denmark. As of today, he has done £26M dollars’ worth of funded research on cryogenic carbon capture (CCC), a process that is half as expensive and about half as energy intensive as its traditional counterparts. 

What professor Baxter is developing is a built-on technology that can be added to any process that generates CO2, without the need to rebuild infrastructure. And it brings other environmental benefits, too: it captures other pollutants such as SOx and NOx and it recovers water from flue gas, significantly reducing water demands.

Professor Berend Smit

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Berend Smit

Our third expert is Professor Berend Smit, from the University of Berkeley and EPFL. He does research around finding new materials for carbon capture and storage since around 2008. Together with Jeff Reimer, Curt Oldenburg, and Ian Bourg, he authored the textbook “Introduction to Carbon Capture and Sequestration”. 

But how did he get into carbon capture? “When I moved from the University of Amsterdam to Berkeley” he says, “I wanted to do something new”. He got involved with the Energy Frontier Research Centre (EFRC). “They said: CO2 is not going to go away anytime soon. If you want to work on something, that may actually be a very good thing to do”, he adds. So he started writing a proposal for them. 

The issues:

Carbon capture is a pretty energy-intensive process, no matter how you capture it” says Professor Baxter. 

Energy and money are interchangeable. A process that uses more energy costs more”, explains Professor Tontiwachwuthikul. In carbon capture, he continues, the more steam you need to heat up the solvent, the more expensive it becomes to capture CO2“If carbon capture costs more than paying a carbon tax, then the easiest thing is to just pay the tax. But if you were to capture the CO2 and store it at a cheaper price, you would do that”.

Today, there are broadly 300 different solvents that can be used for carbon capture. “One solvent alone won’t cut it. We need to mix different technologies”, he adds. In the next 5 to 10 years, the goal of professor Tontiwachwuthikul and his team is to mix various technologies in order to reduce the energy consumption and bring down the cost to 30 dollars per tonne of CO2 captured. “This way, a lot more people would do this”.

“CO2 is a waste product. If you are not willing to pay for it, we will never solve the problem. Every waste product costs money to treat” says professor Smit. He believes that the we can overcome the public cost of carbon capture, but that unwillingness to pay for it is one of the main problems surrounding the implementation of this technology. “All the technologies are there. We can use them. We just need to start”. The other problem, according to Prof Smit, would be the need for global participation in carbon capture.

The road to net-zero

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Renewable energy and CCUS: is this what the future will look like?

“There are very few reasons not to like solar energy, but the problem with it is that you need to store it, and you make it significantly more expensive”, explains Professor Smit. On the other hand, according to Professor Baxter, carbon capture “has the potential to solve the energy storage issues associated with intermittent renewables”.

Professor Tontiwachwuthikul explains that moving to a low-carbon economy is going to take us a long time. “Today, gasoline and jet fuels are still the preferred alternatives to power big trucks and cargo ships”. To repress this, he says, will be very difficult. “We need to be practical”, he adds, “carbon capture can be a breaching”.

Furthermore, we can find innovative ways to utilize the captured CO2. Professor Tontiwachwuthikul says we can store carbon dioxide permanently in concrete at a reasonable cost. This also increases the material’s strength (read more about it here). A win-win situation!

“We are too addicted to fossil fuels and they are not going to disappear anytime soon”

These are the words of Professor Smit when he explains to us that carbon capture is not 100% sustainable, but it is still better than keeping up with business as usual and doing nothing. In fact, he says, what people may not realise is that CO2 does not disappear from the atmosphere once you stop emissions. Instead, it stays there for thousands of years, with the potential to affect future generations for centuries to come. For this reason, he says, it is unacceptable to say “we don’t care”. “The CO2 needs to go down, that’s the most important thing”.

Carbon capture is the way forward

According to all three experts, a mix of renewables and negative emission technologies such as carbon capture, usage and storage could be a balanced way forward to reach net-zero by 2050. “Carbon capture is an essential part of the solution, not just an option”, says professor Baxter, “it is not the only one or the most complete, but it is one of the most important ones”. 

In order to recognize the beneficial impact that they are having on the environment through their work, we selected professors Larry Baxter, Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul and Berend Smit to be part of our Fairforce List “Top Researchers in Carbon Capture, Usage and Storage Technologies”.

Innovations and Sustainability in the Packaging Industry: Interview with Tarja Heikkilä, Managing Director of Jospak

Picture: Tarja Heikkilä, Jospak.

A brief history of the evolution of food packaging

Packaging is one of the most important components when speaking about food. It is essential because without it the quality and preservation would be compromised. Before packaging was invented, people had to be very resourceful with the ways how to store and transport their food. Starting by burying the food in a bog, because the acidic cool waters of the bogs have served as a refrigerator, going through the earliest signs of the packaging of glass and pottery during 1500 BC, as well as salt curing and dehydration ( a process used usually to store meat in big amounts of salt). Let’s not forget King James 1, who built the first ice house for storing food in 1619, Napoleon Bonaparte, who in 1809 offered a price to anyone who can create a possibility to store the food for his army, and that is how the metal can was invented. The foldable cardboard box, invented by accident in 1879, the heat resistant foil in 1948, the TetraPack cartoon packages for milk and cream invented by Dr. Ruben Rausing in Sweden, the first plastic soft drink bottles, made in 1977 from “polyethylene terephthalate” and sold 1 million bottles per minute nowadays worldwide…

Plastic packaging overload is found to be one of the biggest nightmares for the environment when we talk about pollution. This leads to government intervention and a plan to eliminate avoidable plastic waste by 2042.

Fairforce list of professionals

A month ago my luck brought me to Fairforce where, as a part of a community of sustainability enthusiasts, I have participated in a list creation. A list in which we recognize professionals having the greatest impact on the environment united by one goal -Saving the globe.

Today, I have the pleasure to introduce you to one incredible woman who manages a company aiming to reduce plastic usage in food packaging. Tarja Heikkilä, Managing Director at Jospak, clarifies the whole idea behind the company, the benefits of going green, the obstacles, and the personal engagement towards sustainability.

The Finnish start-up Jospak was founded in 2014 to develop and commercialize a new packaging solution for the food industry. The company’s innovation is a high-barrier fiber-based tray suitable for diverse food products which are currently packed in plastic.

“The whole idea of Jospak is about board tray solution, the company is working around that innovation starting from concept development, technology development up to commercialization. Now we are scaling up and building our operations to meet the huge demand coming from the international market. So, that is clearly our focus and we are not actually doing any other products, or we don’t have any other business, so it is all about that sustainable innovation.” states Ms. Tarja Heikkilä

Benefits and improvement

The benefits of going green are many. Concentrating on sustainability and being environmentally friendly helps the customers to reduce plastic usage with 85%. Jospak board tray solution is compatible with the existing food packing process in the food industry.  The board tray solution can be used as a plastic substitute and at the same time the customer does not have to invest in any new product lines or change the toolings.

“The board material that we are using is also certified and we are using only fresh fiber material, but of course, board as such is also fully recyclable, so 85% of the packaging can be recycled as board material and then there is a possibility the consumer can separate the materials after consuming the food product and dispose of both substrates in their own waste management system. And the biggest improvement is that we can replace the fossil-based package material usage to renewable and better recyclable materials”


Sustainable products are those products that provide environmental, social and economic benefits while protecting public health and environment over their whole life cycle, from the extraction of raw materials until the final disposal. Luckily, when talking about board tray solutions, at Jospak there is not much to point out as an obstacle, as Ms Tarja Heikkilä claims:

“The board tray concept has been fully approved and accepted by the reference customers in the market, so in that sense we do not have any obstacles when it comes to the product. But of course as a young start-up company we are still struggling with the capacity and with the growth, so this is the challenge- to build up the capacity to meet the huge demand coming from the market.”

Personal engagement

After all that has been said so far, the personal example is very important. Knowing our core values is essential to living our most authentic and purposeful life. We are all consumers, says Ms. Heikkilä, and our actions matter. Working in a sustainable environment is an advantage and it has affected Ms. Heikkilä’s habits when it comes to recycling and especially packaging materials recycling. Collecting the plastic waste in the household could be very challenging, due to the large amount of it, which makes it also space consuming. But what Ms. Heikkiä is doing to change her personal behavior towards plastic waste is to avoid plastic packaging or over packed products, trying to find products that tackle these issues.

Publishing our list with Green Professionals in the Packaging Industry, Finland, we would like to recognize the efforts of the professionals for making a difference with their actions, beliefs and values. We would like to thank them for their contribution and show you their personal example!

Thank you, Ms. Tarja Heikkilä for the insightful interview!

Sustainability in the Food & Beverage Sector: Interview with Annikka Hurme CEO of Valio, Elli Holappa CEO of Jungle Juice Bar and Leena Laitinen CEO of Alko

Sustainability is a matter of all companies in different industries and individuals. We had the pleasure of interviewing three professionals in their fields: Annikka Hurme CEO of Valio, Elli Holappa CEO of Jungle Juice Bar and Leena Laitinen CEO of Alko. We placed Annikka, Elli and Leena on Women CEOs in Finland Who Have Impacted their Company’s Sustainability Practices list because they have done significant work in implementing sustainability into the industries and companies they are working in.

Reducing environmental impact with new packaging solutions

Developing the business better for the environment is a current topic. Valio has a long history and for the past five years they have prioritized the responsibility and environmental matters. Valio is taking a major step towards even more environmentally friendly package solutions: they were the first in the world to launch fully plant based carton milk packages and already now 2/3 of their packages are plant based. 

Jungle Juice bar is using PLA plastic for packaging their plant-based smoothies and juices. Although PLA plastic is a more sustainable packaging option, there are still opportunities for improvement according to Elli: 

“In the future, I want our company to use straws and cups that are even more sustainable and environmentally friendly. The biggest challenge so far is that the packaging material needs to be see-through as colors are a very important part of our product. I personally like the idea of edible packaging.”

Alko has been in the alcoholic beverage industry for decades and already in 1950 Alko started to recycle beverage packaging. Beverage packaging accounts for a significant proportion of a beverage’s carbon footprint so Alko is also looking into packaging materials that are even more environmentally friendly than the current options.

Picture: Leena Laitinen, Alko.

“Alko has now introduced a new and innovative wine packaging solution that is environmentally friendly: flat plastic bottles. Flat bottles are made with smaller amounts of glass and because of their shape they can be transported more efficiently,” Leena explains.

Heading towards carbon neutrality at production level

The dairy industry aims towards carbon neutrality through new innovations and technologies. According to Annikka, Valio’s plant in Riihimäki uses environmentally friendly technology to achieve maximum energy efficiency by making efficient use of the waste heat generated during manufacturing.

In addition, Valio has set two big goals: “We aim for carbon neutral dairy production by 2035 and we have changed the pricing of dairy: we are paying “responsibility bonus” to our farmers, the owners of Valio, in order to ensure animal welfare and sustainability. We are one of the first companies in paying responsibility bonus and I am proud of that,” Annikka explains.

At the moment Jungle Juice Bar is also investing to achieve carbon neutrality. The latest big step towards it has been carbon footprint calculations made by Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke). “With the calculations we can over compensate our carbon footprint and even head to carbon negativity,” Elli explains.

According to Leena, Alko is cooperating closely with Nordic alcohol monopolies and suppliers to improve product sustainability: “Together with the other Nordic countries we have influence on the suppliers and we have always developed environmental issues together with suppliers. Suppliers have adapted environmental aspects to their operations very well. They understand that responsibility and environmental friendliness are important factors for the Nordic consumers.”

Picture: Elli Holappa, Jungle Juice Bar.

Personal motivations for improving businesses

All of Jungle Juice bar’s smoothie and juice ingredients come from nature. That is why Elli wants to give something back: “The wellness of nature enables our business.” 

It is also very important for Elli to be part of educating children and youngsters. The plant-based beverage is a delicious option for fast food and it helps children and youngsters to adapt a healthy lifestyle.

Annikka explains why she wants to lead Valio and the food industry into sustainability:

“My own interests are originated from the food industry and sufficiency of food. Now that I am leading a large Finnish company where we are doing international business in the food industry, I have become aware of the issues that food is sufficient not only in Finland, but on a global scale too. There must be enough food for the future generations and therefore we want to take care of high quality sustainable food production.”

For Leena, responsibility values are a natural part of her work and career: “Personally, responsibility issues have always been important to me and I have always been interested in developing and improving matters. Before working at Alko, I worked for Snellman and S Group where responsibility values are strong.”

Competitive advantage from sustainability

According to Elli, Jungle Juice Bar’s customer base considers sustainability practices as self-evident. Customer knowledge increases continuously and the purchase decision is based on environmental impacts of the product. “Our plant-based product is a competitive advantage for us,” Elli says.

Customer satisfaction is also beneficial for Alko’s business. “We are interested in what consumers think.The Green Choice symbols provide information about the environmental friendliness and sustainable development of the beverage so the customers can find products that fit their needs and wants. There are six different Green Choice symbols: biodynamic, environmentally responsible packaging, local sustainability certificate, natural wine, organic and vegan,” Leena describes. 

For Valio, their sustainability investments have provided cost savings and improved processes. Sustainability has also been beneficial to the brand image and as a result, this year Finns ranked Valio as the most sustainable brand for the seventh consecutive year.

“Sustainability is important to us consumers as we want to know how food and clothes are produced. I believe that if we at Valio, want to do business in the next 100 years, we have to place responsibility, environmental and sustainability matters as a focus,” Annikka explains.

Picture: Annikka Hurme, Valio.

Challenges within the industries

According to Annikka one challenge in food industry is the lack of standardization in calculations: 

“There is no global calculation model with which we could compare things. There is a lot of discussion about the carbon footprint but I believe that sufficiency of clean water will become a key issue. The calculations of water footprint need to be standardised.”

Leena has the same thoughts about measurements: It is complicated to calculate long and complex value chains so that the results are calculated correctly and transparent for consumers. 

Transparency overall will be an extremely important element in the future. Thus, Alko has launched #nofilter campaign where they share their successes and challenges in responsibility efforts without a filter

It is important for Leena that facts are shared the way they are not and not turned into green washing: 

“In my opinion, it is important that the consumer receives information as it is. Transparency is also related to the way information is shared: facts need to be available and shown clearly so that consumers can make value-based choices.”

Food waste is also a bigger problem than many people realize. According to Elli food waste is a major issue that is not addressed enough, even though of its notable environmental impact which is comparable with plastic. 

“We are actively working on reducing the serving and kitchen waste. During the spring 2019 our chain started using the ResQ Club app and as a result we have been able to reduce the amount of our display case food waste by 60 %,” Elli explains.

Let’s recognize green achievements

In our Fairforce list, Women CEOs in Finland Who Have Impacted their Company’s Sustainability Practices, we want to honor the following women for their impactful roles in leading businesses to sustainability. We want to share with the world how professionals are making a difference for our planet by working hard to increase sustainability practices in their industries. 

Annikka, Elli and Leena, thank you for taking the time for our interview. It was a pleasure connecting with you and hearing how energized you are about the sustainability practices and future goals in businesses and industries. 

Choosing The Green Way OF Doing Fashion – Interview With Mayra Navarrete, Founder Of Imarit

“Sustainability is a series of complex and dynamic interactions between multiple factors and actors”

These are words from Mayra Navarrete , CEO and founder of Imarit , a sustainable fashion brand in Denmark, with whom I recently had the pleasure to have a conversation.

Frequently companies claim to be totally sustainable even if probably only a small percentage of their business is actually being eco-friendly. By this practice called greenwashing, companies invest in green marketing communications, to be perceived as environmentally-friendly and socially engaged. But as Mayra said, being sustainable takes much more than that and it’s a combination of several aspects. And so does Imarit.

Sustainability is at the center of Imarit’s interest and it applies at every level of the business. Starting from the materials used (natural fibers from alpacas), to the production processes that seek to reduce the consumption of water, the use of chemicals, local transportation, and energy, to the final product which is long-lasting for the high-quality and the style of which you won’t get tired over time. Everything is designed to minimize waste and have the lowest impact on the environment.

They opted for a non-linear production, set in Peru. All products are handmade by Andean craftswomen from their homes and then collected in one place. The idea is to keep the autonomy of the work so as to create unique pieces. This way, Imarit also aims at empowering Peruvian craftsmanship, fighting poverty in those areas, and improving the infrastructures. That’s one of the core missions of this company.

Why a green company?

When I asked Mayra what was the reason for starting her sustainable business in slow fashion, she told me that being aware that the clothing industry is one of the most polluting industries, it was necessary to act.

It wasn’t an easy journey, but her passion and energy are striking. And the key, she states, is about searching for the optimal solution with the available resources and always keep looking for improvement.

Ultimately, fulfilling a dream of full circularity in clothing, where materials are kept in circulation and there is no textile waste, is about creating knitwear by fusing technology and artistry.

A long way ahead

The transition from fast fashion to sustainable fashion is still slow but constant. There is a lot of misinformation and large gaps to fill. Still, it is difficult to find consumers that are willing to change their consumption habits and buy sustainable. There’s constant pressure from fast fashion companies to consumers for buying a large amount of cheaper garments and probably ending up throwing away the majority of them in the short term.

Mayra gave me a brilliant sentence “The question is not why it is more expensive to buy sustainable fashion but why it is so cheap to buy fast fashion”.

It is often difficult for consumers to realize all the work and effort that is behind an eco-friendly product and the meaning it has to buy it, in place of the common one.

Consumers must recognize their power to make a difference along with the brands.

Change occurs from each one of us.

Mayra Navarrete was included in the Fairforce List of Scandinavian Leaders in the Sustainable Clothing Industry.

Including sustainability in the strategy: Interview of Nina Kopola CEO and Director General of Business Finland and Elina Björklund CEO of Reima

Sustainability is a matter of all companies in different industries and individuals. We had the pleasure of interviewing two professionals in their fields: Elina Björklund CEO of Reima and Nina Kopola the CEO and Director General of Business Finland. We placed Elina and Nina on Women CEOs in Finland Who Have Impacted their Company’s Sustainability Practices list because they have done significant work in implementing sustainability into the industries and companies they are working in.

Nina Kopola                Elina Björklund

Turning the industries green one step at a time

Nina has been part of developing Business Finland’s strategy to focus more on sustainability because something needs to be done in order to mitigate the impacts of climate change.

The importance of being environmentally friendly has grown all along the further I have gone with my career,” Nina explains. She believes that everyone of us has a role in fighting against climate change at a personal level and at work.

Also, Elina points out that companies are in charge of making changes: “If we [Reima] are not making a change as a company then who will? Brands have authority which needs to be used for the environment. We need to do things right, even if it means investing and relinquishing the profit. I believe that those brands who don’t, will gradually disappear.”

Important steps towards sustainability

In 2015 Reima launched the Responsible Reima corporate responsibility program and decided to hire a responsibility manager. Elina states that those were important steps towards a more sustainable business.

Improvements were started by watching through the value chain and focusing on the core responsible themes: the supply chain needs to be transparent and efficient.

Sustainability is becoming mainstream in Finland

According to Nina sustainability and green values are quite mainstream nowadays in Finland, even the Finnish government has implemented it to its program. Although the situation is quite different than 10 years ago:

The attitudes have changed: nowadays you can make business by being environmentally friendly and it will be a competitive advantage. Back in the days, the industry didn’t see the business opportunities that environmentally friendly products could create. It was only seen as costs,” Nina explains.

Benefits of going green

Being proactive in leading your company into sustainability is not only beneficial for your brand image but it also opens the doors to new business opportunities. According to Nina, a business can gain a wider perspective by having improved sustainability practices.

Nowadays sustainability is a vital condition and it creates business opportunities. There is an opportunity for differentiation when you do something better and different than your competitors,” Nina explains.

Being sustainable can also be beneficial financially. Elina believes that the new innovations and improvements done in sustainability practices have had an impact on Reima’s business growth.

During the past five years, our average annual growth has been 17 %. As the whole industry’s growth is about 3-4 % in a year, we have done something right as the growth has been made in both new and old markets,” Elina says.

Going green may bring new opportunities but it does come with challenges

One challenge to sustainability involves the standardization of measurement in reporting. “In reporting, there are differences in opinions of what kinds of actions are sustainable and how sustainability can be presented,” Nina explains.

According to Elina transparency is a problem that needs to be solved in the clothing industry:
The most critical improvement in the future will be in the industry’s transparency. Consumers will be more aware of the whole supply chain of the clothing. Actors who can’t achieve transparency targets will end up falling off the market.

Sustainability practices create new innovations

Business Finland’s aim is to make Finland a forerunner as a sustainability authority. This is done by cooperating with Finnish companies and encouraging them to seize new business opportunities that come up by identifying technology that is needed in fighting against climate change.

Elina personally believes that new kinds of clothing fibers will come to the commercial market. The fibers will be recycled even significantly: waste and old clothes will be the material for new fabrics.

The second point in her mind is to increase the usage time of garments. This idea of good quality and safety combined with timeless design is central to Reima’s business idea – so, clothing lasts from big brother to little brother. And already today, the circular economy is central in Reima’s strategy: Clothing as a service, called Reima Kit, provides consumers with the opportunity to pay a monthly fee and return the products after the season. Clothes are sold by Reima’s partner in the second-hand market, and the consumer using the service receives the money automatically on her/his bank account. This service makes reuse easy and efficient and so helps consumers to increase the lifecycle of the clothing they buy but turns small to their kids soon.

One new sustainable product that we brought to the market this spring, as the first kids’ brand globally, is the mono-material jacket Voyager. That jacket meets our strategy perfectly as all components are made from one material which makes it easy to recycle. Additionally, every jacket has its own registration code that allows users to follow the product life cycle. Material is so strong and high quality that the jacket can have many “lives” with a different child and at the end of its life cycle it can be recycled,” Elina explains.

Having a positive impact as a consumer

In addition to implementing sustainability practices to the companies they are working in, both Elina and Nina are also green at home.

I believe I can and we all can have an impact as a consumer,” Elina says. Elina’s family has e.g. switched to geothermal heating. Also, the family is focusing on using local products and reducing the amount of food waste.

Nina also believes that there is a lot that an individual can do in order to mitigate the impacts of climate change: “I’m having a positive impact on the environment by recycling, eating less meat, and by driving a hybrid car. In addition, as a consumer, I am making responsible and better choices when it comes to buying consumer items like clothes.

Let’s recognize green achievements

In our Fairforce list, Women CEOs in Finland Who Have Impacted their Company’s Sustainability Practices, we want to honor the following women for their impactful roles in leading businesses to sustainability. We want to share with the world how professionals are making a difference for our planet by working hard to increase sustainability practices in their industries.

Nina and Elina, thank you for taking the time for our interview. It was a pleasure connecting with you and hearing how energized you are about the sustainability practices and future goals in businesses and industries.